When the party is over

Even if only a small percentage of people in the world are diagnosed with bipolar disorder,  we all have some experience of bipolarity. Sometimes the mood goes down and sometimes it goes up for the reasons we ignore. Medically the bipolar disorder is classified as a mental illness. In yoga we are interested in being in touch with the energy level to understand the mind. The energy means the overall feeling we have. The mind gets that feeling, because the mental level is constantly in connection with the energy level.

We know some reasons for the changes in energy level: the seasons, the quality of food and sleep, use of drugs (also coffee), the changes in our emotional and social life. But sometimes we just watch how the mood changes radically without understanding what’s behind it and that makes us feel helpless. We might have great plans and suddenly we feel frustrated or not able to put them into action.

A good amount of energy correlates with well-being and happiness. That’s why everybody wants more energy. Some eat goji berries, some drink alcohol. The goal is the same. To feel good. Relaxed and energetic. When we like something, we go towards it. We are ready to invest energy to get more energy. There comes a moment we can’t go further. Our energy collapses, because our nervous system can’t bear a permanent state of extasy.

Patanjali’s yoga philosophy offers one solution to be happier through awareness. Patanjali talks about Kleshas, the psychological challenges of human life. Among these five Kleshas, he mentions Raga and Dvesa – the tendencies we have to obey the energies of attraction and aversion and take action according to them. To control the energy we first have to be aware of our conditioned behaviour. We are all more or less conditioned by Raga and Dvesa, i.e. we are more attracted by what we like and we want to avoid what we dislike.

We can control our feelings by listening to our energy and mother it. The permanent thirst of success and great moments and greater moments is a very common addiction. The remedy for a yoga practitioner is this: when you do not have energy or when you have a weak energy – do your practice! Move. Create your own energy. When you have a feeling of infinite energy – do less. Control it. Don’t go with the flow. With the energy you have, limit the feeling of omnipotence. Through time you get more perseverence not to go with the excitement.

When happiness is present, don’t lose yourself. Don’t try to extend the moment.  Learn to watch it. Enjoy it deeply and with a calm mind.

FINI LES CHUTES

Même si dans la population mondiale il n’y a qu’un petit pourcentage de gens souffrant médicalement du trouble bipolaire, nous sommes tous plus ou moins bipolaires. Que nous ayons la pêche ou que nous broyions du noir, nous en ignorons parfois la raison. Dans la médecine, le trouble bipolaire est qualifié comme une maladie mentale. Ce que nous étudions dans le yoga pour mieux comprendre les fluctuations du mental, c’est le prana, l’énergie vitale. Le prana nous donne une vue d’ensemble sur notre état affectif général. Le mental étant connecté avec la couche pranique en nous, absorbe ce ressenti – à moins que nous ayons la capacité de distinguer les deux.

En général, nous sommes conscients de certaines raisons qui influencent notre énergie directement: les saisons, la qualité de notre alimentation et de notre sommeil, l’abus des excitants (aussi celui du café), les changements dans notre vie émotionnelle et sociale. Mais souvent nous ne pouvons que constater la chute ou la montée de l’énergie sans en connaître la vraie raison. Il se peut que nous ayons plein de projets dans la tête et tout d’un coup, nous nous sentons incapables de les réaliser.

Une bonne vitalité est directement en rapport avec le bien-être et le bonheur. C’est pour cela que nous cherchons tous à avoir plus d’énergie. Les uns mangent des baies de goji, les autres boivent de l’alcool. Le but est le même. De se sentir bien. Nous sommes prêts à investir de l’énergie pour en avoir plus. Si nous sommes doués pour le faire,  à un moment donné, nous arrivons au sommet. C’est là souvent que nos énergies chutent, parce que notre systême nerveux ne peut pas supporter la pression d’un état extatique prolongé.

La philosophie du yoga de Patanjali propose une solution par une conscience plus éveillée. Patanjali parle des Kleshas, les défis psychologiques de l’être humain. Parmi ces cinq Kleshas, Patanjali mentionne le Raga et  le Dvesa – nos tendances de nous soumettre aux énergies d’attraction et d’aversion et d’agir selon. Pour contrôler ces énergies, nous devons d’abord être conscients de notre comportement conditionné. Nous sommes tous plus ou moins conditionnés par le Raga et le Dvesa, c’est-à-dire, nous sommes attirés par ce que nous aimons et nous évitons ce que nous n’aimons pas.

Nous pouvons contrôler nos émotions en écoutant notre énergie. La poursuite du bonheur est une addiction assez commune. Le remède pour un pratiquant de yoga est celui-ci: Lorsque nous avons peu ou pas du tout d’énergie, nous faisons notre pratique. Nous faisons bouger l’énergie pour générer de l’énergie. Lorsque nous en avons abondamment, nous en utilisons moins. Nous la contrôlons. Nous n’allons pas avec le flow. Nous contrôlons également le sentiment d’omnipotence. Avec le temps et la persévérance, nous apprenons à ne pas nous laisser aller avec l’excitation.

Lorsque la vie nous sourit, ne nous perdons pas! N’essayons pas d’étendre le bonheur plus loin. C’est comme ça que nous apprenons à vivre nos moments de bonheur  pleinement et avec une contemplation sereine.

KUUNTELE ONNEN HYRINÄÄ

Vaikka maailman populaatiosta vain pieni prosentti on saanut diagnoosin kaksisuuntaisesta mielialahäiriöstä, kaikilla meillä on kokemuksia siitä miten energiamme heittelehtivät alhaiselta tasolta maanisiinkin pyörteisiin. Joskus tunnetilamme painuu negatiiviselle puolelle ja joskus taas tunnemme onnellisuutta syytä tietämättä. Lääketieteellisesti kaksisuuntainen mielialahäiriö on mielen sairautta. Joogassa tutkimme energiakehoamme, jotta voisimme ymmärtää mielen heilahduksia. Energia on koko olemuksemme lävistävä tunne elinvoimasta, mikä sen määrä sitten onkaan. Mieli on yhteydessä tähän energiakehoon ja siten se peilaa aina sen mitä energiassamme tapahtuu.

Miksi energiat sitten heilahtelevat? Jotkut syyt ovat melkein kaikille itsestäänselviä. Vaihtuvat vuodenajat, ruuan ja unen laatu, päihteiden käyttö, merkittävät muutokset tunne- ja sosiaalisessa elämässä. Joskus kuitenkaan emme näe tällaisia syitä, emme ymmärrä mistä olomme johtuu. Ehkä meillä on jossain hetkessä paljon energiaa ja suuria suunnitelmia ja seuraavassa hetkessä energia putoaa alas emmekä jaksakaan toteuttaa suunitelmiamme.

Hyvä energiataso on suoraan yhteydessä hyvinvointiimme ja onnellisuuteemme. Siksi kaikki ihmiset hamuavat energiaa. Jotkut syövät goji-marjoja, jotkut juovat alkoholia. Päämäärä on sama. Kaikki haluavat tuntea olonsa hyväksi, rennoksi ja energiseksi. Kun pidämme jostakin, menemme sitä kohti. Olemme valmiita panostamaan energiaamme paljonkin saadaksemme sitä lisää. Jos olemme tässä lahjakkaita, kehitämme paljon energiaa. Jossain vaiheessa ylöspäin meno kuitenkin loppuu. Energia tulee pisteeseen, jossa hermostomme ei enää siedä jatkuvaa energian nousua tai voimakasta energiaa ylipäätään.

Patanjalin joogafilosofia tarjoaa ratkaisua onnellisuuden ja tasapainon saavuttamiseksi korkeamman tietoisuuden kautta. Patanjali puhuu viidestä Kleshasta, jotka ovat ihmiselämän viisi psykologista haastetta ja henkisen kasvun kohtaa. Kleshoista Raga ja Dvesa ovat meidän taipumuksiamme totella miltei sokeasti sekä niitä energioita, jotka koemme puoleensavetäviksi että niitä, jotka ovat meille vastenmielisiä. Jotta osaisimme hallita näitä energioita, meidän täytyy olla ensiksi tietoisia näistä käyttäytymisemme ehdollistumista. Olemme kaikki enemmän tai vähemmän ehdollistuneita ja siten menemme sitä kohti minkä koemme mieluisaksi ja välttelemme sitä mistä emme pidä.

Voimme oppia kuuntelemaan energiaamme ja vaalimaan sitä.  Monella nykyajan ihmisellä on riippuvuussuhde jatkuvaan onnen tavoitteluun. Joogaajan ohjenuora on tämä: kun energia on vähissä, tee harjoitus! Liikuta energiaa ja luo sitä lisää. Kun energiaa on ylitsepursuavasti, tee vähemmän. Hillitse itsesi äläkä menee energian mukana. Ylimääräisellä energialla hallitse kaikkivoipaisuuden tunteesi. Ajan kanssa ja päättäväisyydellä opit katsomaan energioita rauhassa eivätkä ne hallitse sinua.

Kun onni on läsnä, älä hukkaa itseäsi. Onnea ei voi pitkittää. Tunne se syvästi ja opettele katsomaan sen muodonmuutosta rauhassa.

981846_10151755467799061_1420211778_oPhoto by Minna Nuotio

Narasimha on Shraddha

DSCF1126

Patanjali’s yoga is called Raja Yoga.  Patanjali’s yoga is like a road map. It can lead to Kaivalya, enlightenment.

The goal is a state of least excitement, the state of total happiness that doesn’t need any external agents.

Beyond the sensory principle, there is ultimate energy that can be approached by a specific methode which is not cognizable by intellect.

You need faith (Shraddha). Faith is difficult, because the mind is afraid to believe what is unknown to it.

The work is a process of involution. We reduce the obstacles of the mind and when they become smaller, we can destroy them completely.  (II.10 Te pratiprasava heyah suksmah)

In Kaivalya, we are totally alone. It doesn’t mean lonely. In this aloneness, we are neither distracted nor disturbed.

Narasimha on Avidya

Photo by Bill BrundellJayashri 064

This Thursday’s class. A lot of chanting (Mahaganeshastotra, Adityahrdayam, Sadhana Pada,  Vibhuti Pada ) and less talking.

Sadhana Pada, II.4 Avidyaksetramuttaresam prasuptatanuvicchinnodaranam

Talking about Avidya, ignorance..what is knowledge then?

Gurustotra says:

Ajnana timirandhasya jnananjana-salakaya / caksur unmilitam yena / tasmai sri-gurave namah

Knowledge exists in us already, but we don’t find it by ourselves. We learn some things by trial and error. Guru’s work is to give the antidote, to open our eyes.

Kayal is sometimes used in Northern India not only for beautification, but to have sharp eyes. The eyes water as soon as you put the kayal and this purifies the eyes.

More ignorant you are -> more routine, not interested in knowing more.

More knowledge you have – you know how to manipulate the circumstances to suit your needs or you can change the situation so that you would be comfortable in it.

Knowledge produces freedom and strength.

There are 4 types of ignorance preventing us to get enlightenment or getting into a higher state of knowledge.

These different manifestations of Avidya which prevent us from growing further are:

prasupta – that which is dormant

tanu – reduction of interest

vichinna – mind is distracted, in contradiction

udaranam –  we know Avidya is there and we consciously overcome it

Functioning of Avidya brings misery, prevents growth. The growth means you need to make decisions. The more the person is afraid, the less he makes decisions even when opportunities are given.

Narasimha on Kriya Yoga

1175158_1420528971507046_413868050_n

Sadhana Pada 

Kriya Yoga = Tapah, Svadhyaha, Ishvara Pranidhana

2. sutra: Samadhibhavanarthah klesatanukaranarthasca

The practice means culturing the body, the nervous system, the mind, the emotions to become an evolution orientated system.  You control the growth. The growth has to be positive.

Make yourself grow as you should grow = we are genetically coded and we can either distort or enhance the code. If we don’t understand the system (Svadhyaya is self-understanding), we may harm it. We should be able to allow the genetic code to open, to flower. How do you catalyze so that the genetic information is not distorted? This is your study.

Analytical, emotional, physical, sensorial systems are independent. They have to operate smoothly even when they interact. If in interaction there’s a contradiction, there will be a conflict and the individual suffers. Each system should be flexible. People differ in that some are drawn to distroy themselves, some drawn to grow.

Why Kriya Yoga?

1) To reach Samadhi, internal total stability which is usually dormant. You can also say that Samadhi is alert restfulness. To reach it, you go through many levels. First by Tapah you stop the external input. When external disturbances stop, you become aware of your internal disturbances.

SamadhiBHAVANartha, bhavana means to be stable in a particular state. Here it means the capability of being naturally in Samadhi, no forcing.

2) To reduce the Kleshas which are imbedded in us all. Example: We are never really happy. When we feel sadness, we think it’s never-ending. When we feel happiness, we think it ends quickly.

3. sutra: Avidyasmitaragadvesabhiniveshah kleshah

This is the classification of the reasons of why we’re never happy. These kleshas make us restless, there’s always ups and downs.

Avidya – We suffer when we don’t know how to handle. We suffer also when we don’t know what all our body and intelligence can do. We don’t want to know. We are afraid to know ourselves. By yoga we gain more CANs than CANTs. Man usually creates routines, timetibles, mental patterns that are safe. This inhibits his full potential.

Asmita – You associate yourself with other things and it makes you restricted in your mind. We are ready to be miserable to fit the society, we try not to show our faults.

Raga – We are attached to material and sensorial things. Out of that the fear that we can’t live without something. Example: you are tired and your friend gives you coffee as a remedy. Next time you feel a little tired, you take coffee again. Or you take coffee even when not tired. Then it becomes more sophisticated. You want a certain kind of coffee with certain milk, sugar…it becomes more complicated and you more attached.

Dvesa – We dislike things that are there. Example: I want to have the body of Mr India. I don’t have that kind of body. I hate my body.

Abhinivesa – Any change creates fear. Coming to India is a big change to a Westerner. A flexible system adapts itself to many new things. In a crucial situation, you will know your attachments (fears).

When the Kleshas disappear, Samadhi comes. Two things happen at the same time. Samadhi is quietude, Kleshas inquietude.

The ideal is to have a flexible system and interaction between the Kleshas. Example: If you are used to get a 8 hour sleep, you might be attached to that. If you can’t get it, you become scared. A flexible system means that you can control it in a situation, e.g. if you need to prepare yourself for an exam, you would work more and sleep less. You can decide, you can adapt. A rigid system can’t.

Narasimha on Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra

In India, many texts and knowledge systems, called Shastra (=complete).

Yoga Sutra of Patanjali is one Shastra. You have source, course and goal exposed.

First Pada: How to achieve Samadhi

Second Pada: How to practice that in life

Third Pada: What are the marks of the practice

Fourth Pada: What is the ultimate result?

Every time there’s a new term, Patanjali explains it and then goes further

Patanjali’s approach is from mind, psychological

200 years ago, the world was fait-orientated (religions). Then, science, the analytical took over and very little possibility of emotions or faith

The world has become mechanical, human being a machine

Patanjali’s system: balancing the rational and the emotional mind

The scientist way is reductionist: in the end, there’s nothing > < Patanjali’s system goes towards the Infinite

Nowadays science is measuring yoga and the philosophical systems too

In Sadhana Pada, first sutra Tapahsvadhyayeshvarapranidhanani kriyayogah,

TAPAH means penance, to go through a lot of troubles to modify yourself. You burn yourself in many ways to purify.

SVADHYAYA is self analysis and self-understanding where ‘I’ is not pure and how should I correct it. See how your practice which is a progress by tapah influences. Know your defects and study yourself. What is the measure? Only those who have gone the path before, know. Their information – the scriptures tell.

ISHVARA PRANIDHANA: https://annenuotio.wordpress.com/2013/11/05/narasimha-on-ishvara/

Different kind of yogas. Different yogis depending on how they feel and what they do. Unity of emotion and action:

Karma Yoga (Action)  – Tapas

Jnana Yoga (Knowledge) – Svadhyaya

Bhakti Yoga (Devotion) – Ishvara

Any action always creates some dirt.

Jayashri 033Photo Bill Brundell